Uglow Family HistoryUglows in Helston
There has been a settlement
in this area since the Iron Age, the basis of the name being hen-lys,
'ancient court'. In the Domesday Book(1068) it is called the manor of
Henlistn. 'Helston an ancient market town built on two hills, was first
granted its charter in 1201. Two main streets intersect the town and the
widest, Coinagehall Street, was described by John Betjeman as "It
takes a beautiful curve like the Oxford "High" and is well terminated
at either end."
Statistics: 2918 acres of land, 5 of water 17 of foreshore
Family 1a: John and ?
We know about John from the 1871 census which suggests that he was was born in Helston in 1816.It is possible that this is a son of Abel and Salome Venning and the grandson of Nicholas and Joan Cord. The evidence is scanty - the birthplace of John is given as Helston and his brother, Nicholas 1812, may have been born in the area. We certainly find Nicholas 1812 in Helston - Family 2 below. But the dates don't help - an IGI birthdate of 1806 and an 1871 census date of 1816. IGI give the birthplace as Antony. And if this is the right John, his wife would have been Joane - St Clether Family 1
John was a travelling cutler and in 1871 is resident in Camborne. His wife is unknown, presumed dead by 1871. Nicholas and Sarah are living in the same house with their three sons - Nicholas may well be John's son but equally may be his nephew, Nicholas 1842
There's no sign of John in the 1881 census.
Family 1b: Nicholas and Sarah McGrail and Coralina Smith
In many ways, Nicholas was a chip of the old block, a traveller with few roots. Putting the evidence together is tricky - as suggested below, in the 1851 census, Nicholas was with his parents with his father under the alias of John Carlyon. Nicholas was 9, thus born in 1842 in St Austell but I cannot find a GRO record for him.
In 1861, Nicholas was by himself born 1842 in Cornwall. He was living at Sunny Corner, Portloe, Veryan, Cornwall (although it says Veryan, this looks as if it has been added later). He was a traveller and 'dealing in marine stores' (basically a peddler).
IBy 1863, he has married Sarah Ann McGrail, born ?1849 St Austell. Sarah's father was William, a Dutch subject and also a dealer in marine stores/scrap, living in 1851 in St Austell with Sarah's mother, Fanny. I cannot find a record of the marriage but Sarah was very young. The children were born in St Austel and they were at Western Hill for the burial of WIlliam in 1864. By January 1865 they were in Liskeard where Abel and Nicholas were christened.
In 1871 the family was lodging at 289 Gas Street in Camborne and also there was John Uglow - this was probably his uncle, John 1812. Nicholas was now a travelling cutler.
By 1875, the birth certificate of son WIlliam gives their address as Church Street, Liskeard. Early in 1877, Sarah died, along with two young daughters, Elizabeth and Mary Ellen. Nicholas has either already abandoned the family or did so soon after - son WIlliam is in the workhouse in 1881.
He moves north. In Worcester in August 1877, Neptune/Nipton Uglow was born and the certificate has father Nicholas, an umbrella mender, and mother Coralina Uglow nee Smith - she is illiterate and makes her mark on the birth certificate. Nicholas and Coralina are not found on the 1881 census but they marry in Ormskirk in Lancashire in 1882 (although Coralina is decribing herself as Mrs Uglow in 1877). This is probably Nicholas 1842. In 1882, they are at Lorne St, Birkdale, Lancashire
There is one further sad story in Nicholas's life - in 1885, they have an infant son, Angelo. But at five months old, he died from opium poisoning: The Times 31st March 1886. But court proceedings follow against an assistant to a chemist, John Irvine. Not only Angelo but also a young woman died as a result of careless prescribing and measuring and Irvine was found guilty of manslaughter of the woman - Manchester Times 15th May 1886. Angelo's mother is not named but his father was Nicholas, a scissor grinder - at the time of the trial, he was living at 35 Whyatt Street, Wellington Street, Bradford. In1890, he was atbKing St, Bolton, Lancashire
Nicholas probably dies but their son, Neptune, carries on - Yorkshire Family 0. However Coralina (now Caroline) became a drunk - in 1894 she was drunk and disorderly in George Lane, Lichfield, Staffordshire and promised to leave town [Lichfield Mercury 2/2/1894]; in 1898: she was drunk and incapable in High St, Wells with a little child crawling about pavement - she said husband in Bristol [Wells Journal 13/1/1898]; a month later, she received 21 days hard labour from Bristol police court after she (of no address) and her daughter Jane filthy with sores, were found in Mayor St, Bedminster, Bristol [Bristol Mercury 28/2/1898 and 5/3/1898]; in 1901 she was hopelessly drunk in Faringdon but her husband said that she had never been in that condition befeore and she was discharged on condition they left town [Faringdon Advertiser and Vale of the White Horse Gazette 8/6/1901] ; in 1902, husband James and Caroline were convicted of avoiding paying the train fare [Leamington Spa Courier 24/1/1902]; in 1907: she was drunk in Silver St, Reading, Berkshire [Berkshire Chronicle 16/11/1907]; in 1910: she was drunk and incapable on the sands at Weston-super-Mare Gazette [Weston-super-Mare Gazette and General Advertiser 23/7/1910] ; the 1911 census found her, a widow, in the police station at Beaminster, Dorset.
She carried on - drunk and disorderly in Taw Vale, Barnstaple, Devon and they found a previous conviction in October 1908 wherethere was a failure to pay fine [North Devon Journal 10/8/1911]; in 1912, she was drunk and disorderly in Radford Semele, Warwickshire [Warwick and Warwickshire Advertiser 8/6/1912]; in 1914: she was drunk at Loughborough and got 7 days imprisonment [Melton Mowbray Mercury and Oakham and Uppingham News 1/1/1914] 1930: she was drunk in Wareham, Dorset [Western Gazette 4/7/1930]; in 1933: she was drunk in The Bays, Cheddar, Somerset aged 78 and said that she was on her way to visit daughter in Poole but when contacted daughter Jane (who had been brought up in a Bristol Children's Home) wanted nothing to do with her [Wells Journal 29/9/1933] .
The last 5 years of her life were in Barnstaple - 1935: after she was found drunk and incapable in Cross St, Barnstaple, the police witness said that there was 1 previous conviction (in Ilfracombe in 1922) and the case was dismissed on undertaking to go in Barnstaple Public Assistance Institution [North Devon Journal 25/7/1935] This was the Alexandra Hospital and shewas there, incapacitated, in 1939 and died in 1940.
Who was this husband, James, who lied his head off ('never seen her this way') and was convicted of fraud with her at Leamington in 1902? There is a record of a James 1865, perhaps son of Nicholas, enlisting in the St AUstell militia in 1881? If so, he might be the father of:
Children with Sarah
Children with Coralina
Family 1c: William and Emily Baxter
William 1843 born in Launceston is the son of Nicholas 1812 and Jane Carlyon and the grandson of Abel and Salome Venning. I can find no GRO record for his birth but on his marriage certificate he names Nicholas Uglow, sailor, as his father. This is very likely to be Nicholas 1812.
William, like his father and brother, seems to be a traveller with few roots. Putting the evidence together is tricky - the first time we search for WIlliam is in the 1851 census and, as suggested below, it is possible that we find William with his parents but with his father using the alias of John Carlyon. If this is correct, William is 8, and was born in 1843 in Launceston.
Nor is William visible in the 1861 census. But in 1869 he marries Emily Baxter in Camborne Parish Church with the Rev Chappel officiating and with witnesses, Michael Hawke (Emily's stepfather) and Mary Floyd. William was a stone mason aged 23. Emily was just 17, the daughter of Emma Collins and John Baxter - her parents married in 1851 and Emma was born in 1852. She never knew her father, a brewer, who died around the time of her birth. In 1861 she is at 119 Tolcarne Street, Camborne with her mother.
Emily and William manage to miss the 1871 census and have disappeared by the 1881 census - but they have had a child who is now in the care of her grandmother
Family 2: Nicholas and Jane Carlyon
Nicholas is probably born in Hampshire - there is an IGI christening for April 1812 for Nicholas, son of Abel and Sarah, born in Portsea, Hampshire. As his father Abel was a shipwright in HM dockyards, a trip to Portsmouth is quite possible. But there must be some doubt here as other records give different places of birth - the 1851 and 1861 census gives his place of birth as St Anthony.
Certainly Helston looms large in this story - St Anthony is on the coast near Helston and he marries Jane Carlyon in St Gluvias near Falmouth in 1844. Jane may be born in 1821 in Breage. All of these are in an area well away from Antony where the rest of the family live - with the exception of Nicholas's uncle, James, who settles at Mylor...
The records suggest that Nicholas is a black sheep - in 1840, he is sentenced to 4 months imprisonment at Bodmin Assizes for stealing 9 fowls, property of Thomas Blight of St Anthony - West Briton 10/4/1840. In 1841, he is living with Jane, aged 20, as man and wife in Church St., Helston. Jane and Nicholas do marry in 1844 -the IGI record gives father Abel Uglow as a witness as well as 'Honour', said to be Jane's father.
Shortly after the marriage, Nicholas becomes a sailor on HM brigantine Swift which is on the Falmouth-Brazil mail run. We know this because when he arrives from Brazil on 22nd June 1844, he is caught smuggling 100 lbs tobacco. He pleaded guilty and was faced with £100 fine or 6 months in prison. Things do not improve - in 1849 there is a record of Nicholas Uglow, labourer from Torpoint, in the Exeter police charge book - on October 26th 1849 he was drunk and begging in Milk Street, using obscene language and assalting a police officer. He received a fine of 10 shillings (50p) or 14 days in prison. What he was doing in Exeter is a mystery.
Nicholas Uglow can't be found in the 1851 census but there is one possibility that he is living in Lostwithiel under an assumed name - John Carlyon is a labourer, apparently camping out with his family. Why should this be Nicholas? We know that he is often in trouble with the law and an alias might be valuable. Much of the information tallies with what we know about Nicholas: he is 42 and born in St Anthony. His wife is Jane, born 1820 in Breage. His children include Nicholas, 9 born in St Austell, William 8 born in Launceston, Elizabeth 3 born in Launceston and Selena (Salome?) 1 born in Lanreath. The coincidences of the names and places of birth are quite strong and I cannot find this family as 'Carlyons' on any other census. Nor can I find Jane or any of the children on the 1851 census as Uglows
More certainly, from 1854, they seem to settle in Helston and in 1861, Nicholas is a farm labourer, born in 1811 in St Anthony, living at 151,Wendron Street (see picture above), Helston with Jane and five children.
By 1871, Jane is living in Plymouth Charles and working as a charwoman. She is said to be married but there is no sign of Nicholas. Emily (a servant out of employment) and Abel (moulder's apprentice) are with her. Nicholas and Jane fade from the records - but within three years, many of the children emigrate to New Zealand.